There are few sub clauses in this main clause 6 of ISO 9001 2015 standard. It is defined by PLANNING. Planning is required to achieve goal. Why planning and what planning and how to take planning to achieve goal etc has been described in this clause clearly. It is also instructed to consider clause no 4.1(external and internal issues) and clause no 4.2(interested parties and requirement of interested parties)
6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities: Before going to do any job it is necessary to find what are the possible risks behind that job at the same time it is also important thinking of possible opportunities on that job or project.
6.2 Quality objectives and planning to achieve them: It is divided into two sub clauses like 6.2.1 and 6.2.2. It is mandatory documents for the organization. During objective setting following things should be considered: 1- Quality objectives should be consistent with quality policy 2- Be measurable 3- Take into account about applicable requirements 4- Be relevant to conformity of products and services and enhance to customer satisfaction 5- Be monitored 6- Be communicated 7- Be updated as appropriate. All of these are under 6.2.1. According to sub clause 6.2.2 following things should be considered: 1- What will be done 2- What resource will be required,3-Who will be responsible 4- When it will be completed 5-How the result will be evaluated etc.
6.3 Planning of changes: It is very common for your organization to change something if necessary. From this clause 6.3 it is required to consider the following things before make any changes:
a- Consider why you are changing and what could happen from that changes b- Be ensured that QMS does not get affected negatively c- Think what you need to achieve it (people/technology) d- Consider what changes need to be made in the organization to make it happen